Luxembourg travel guide

Nestled in the heart of Europe, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg enchants visitors with its fairy-tale castles, picturesque landscapes, and cosmopolitan flair.

Planning Your Trip

A well-structured itinerary is key to maximizing your experience in the Grand Duchy. Consider these factors while planning your trip:

Best Time to Visit:

Luxembourg offers unique charms throughout the year. Spring (April-May) brings vibrant blossoms and pleasant temperatures, ideal for exploring the city and countryside. Summer (June-August) boasts warm weather perfect for outdoor activities and festivals. Autumn (September-October) paints the vineyards in fiery hues, offering a romantic backdrop for wine enthusiasts. Winter (November-March) transforms Luxembourg City into a festive wonderland with charming Christmas markets.

Duration of Stay:

To fully appreciate Luxembourg’s diverse offerings, allocate at least 4-5 days for your trip. A long weekend allows for a comprehensive exploration of Luxembourg City, while an extended stay provides ample time to venture into the charming countryside, discover medieval castles, and indulge in the country’s gastronomic delights.

Budget Considerations:

Luxembourg enjoys a high standard of living, which is reflected in its pricing. Accommodation, dining, and activities can be relatively expensive compared to other European destinations. However, by carefully planning your budget and considering affordable alternatives like local eateries and public transportation, you can enjoy a fulfilling experience without overspending.

Visas and Entry Requirements

Before embarking on your Luxembourg adventure, ensure you meet the necessary entry requirements. The following information pertains to general travel purposes; specific circumstances may necessitate additional documentation:

Schengen Area Membership:

Luxembourg is a member of the Schengen Area, which allows citizens of many countries to enter and travel freely within its borders for up to 90 days within a 180-day period without requiring a visa. However, it’s crucial to verify your nationality’s specific requirements to confirm eligibility for visa-free travel.

Passport Validity:

Your passport must be valid for at least three months beyond your intended stay in Luxembourg and have been issued within the past ten years. Ensure it has sufficient blank pages for entry and exit stamps.

Visa Requirements:

Citizens of countries not part of the Schengen visa-waiver program must obtain a Schengen visa before traveling to Luxembourg. The application process typically involves providing supporting documents such as travel itinerary, proof of accommodation, financial means, and travel insurance. It’s advisable to apply for your visa well in advance to allow for processing time.

Getting to Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s strategic location in the heart of Europe makes it easily accessible by air, rail, and road, offering travelers diverse options based on their preferences and itinerary:

By Air:

Luxembourg Airport (LUX) serves as the country’s international airport, located approximately 8 kilometers east of Luxembourg City. It welcomes numerous airlines offering direct flights from major European cities and international hubs. Efficient public transportation connects the airport to the city center, with regular bus and train services providing convenient transfer options.

By Rail:

Luxembourg boasts excellent rail connections with neighboring countries, making it a convenient destination for train travelers. High-speed trains from Paris, Brussels, and Amsterdam offer swift and comfortable journeys, while regional lines connect to other European destinations. The modern and centrally located Luxembourg City train station provides seamless access to the city’s attractions.

By Road:

Luxembourg’s well-maintained road network allows for scenic drives through picturesque landscapes. If you prefer traveling by car, major highways connect Luxembourg to neighboring countries, offering flexibility in exploring the region at your own pace. Keep in mind that some highways may require tolls.

Getting Around Luxembourg

Navigating Luxembourg is a breeze, thanks to its compact size and efficient transportation network. Whether exploring the charming streets of Luxembourg City or venturing into the picturesque countryside, various options cater to different preferences and budgets:

Public Transportation:

Luxembourg boasts an excellent public transportation system encompassing buses, trams, and trains. The integrated network connects all major cities and towns, offering a cost-effective and convenient way to explore the country. Consider purchasing a Luxembourg Card for unlimited travel on public transport and free or discounted access to numerous attractions.


Luxembourg City, with its compact size and pedestrian-friendly streets, is best explored on foot. Stroll through the historic quarter, admire the architectural gems, and soak up the charming ambiance at your own pace. Comfortable walking shoes are recommended, as the city features some hills and cobblestone streets.


Luxembourg embraces cycling as a sustainable and enjoyable mode of transportation. Numerous bike paths and rental options make it easy to explore the city and its surroundings. Consider cycling through the picturesque Moselle Valley, renowned for its vineyards and charming villages.


Luxembourg offers a diverse range of accommodation options to suit every taste and budget, from luxurious hotels to charming guesthouses and cozy bed and breakfasts. Whether you seek a sophisticated city stay or a tranquil countryside retreat, careful planning ensures a comfortable and memorable experience:

Hotel Selection:

Luxembourg City boasts a wide array of hotels, from international chains to boutique establishments, catering to various preferences and budgets. Consider factors such as location, amenities, and proximity to attractions when making your selection. Booking in advance is highly recommended, especially during peak tourist seasons.

Countryside Retreats:

For a tranquil escape amidst rolling hills and vineyards, explore the charming countryside accommodations. Luxurious castles transformed into hotels, cozy guesthouses tucked away in quaint villages, and picturesque farm stays offer unique experiences and a chance to immerse yourself in Luxembourg’s natural beauty.

Alternative Lodging:

Travelers seeking alternative options can choose from a growing selection of apartments, hostels, and campsites. Apartments provide a home-away-from-home experience with self-catering facilities, while hostels offer budget-friendly accommodation and social opportunities. Campsites, located amidst scenic landscapes, provide a closer connection to nature.

Where to Stay in Luxembourg City

Choosing the right neighborhood to stay in can enhance your Luxembourg City experience. Each area boasts a distinct ambiance and proximity to specific attractions. Consider your interests and preferences when selecting your ideal base:

Ville Haute (Upper Town):

Perched atop a plateau overlooking the city, Ville Haute is Luxembourg City’s historic heart. Staying here immerses you in history, with cobblestone streets winding past grand palaces, charming squares, and cultural landmarks. Luxury hotels and boutique guesthouses abound, offering breathtaking views and a sophisticated atmosphere.

Grund (Lower Town):

Nestled in the valley below Ville Haute, Grund exudes a charming and picturesque ambiance. This historic quarter, crisscrossed by canals and dotted with traditional houses, provides a peaceful retreat while remaining within walking distance of major attractions. Quaint hotels and cozy guesthouses cater to those seeking a unique and authentic experience.

Gare (Railway Station Area):

For convenience and accessibility, consider staying near the Gare district, home to Luxembourg City’s central train station. This bustling area offers a range of accommodation options, from budget-friendly hotels to modern business hotels, making it a practical choice for travelers arriving by train or seeking easy connections to other destinations.

Luxury Hotels

For discerning travelers seeking an indulgent and unforgettable stay, Luxembourg City presents a selection of opulent hotels renowned for their exceptional service, lavish accommodations, and world-class amenities:

Hôtel Le Royal:

A timeless landmark in the heart of Luxembourg City, Hôtel Le Royal epitomizes elegance and sophistication. Its spacious rooms and suites boast refined decor, plush furnishings, and state-of-the-art amenities. Indulge in exquisite dining experiences at the hotel’s acclaimed restaurants or unwind at the luxurious spa and wellness center.

Sofitel Luxembourg Le Grand Ducal:

Perched on a hilltop overlooking the city, Sofitel Luxembourg Le Grand Ducal offers panoramic views and contemporary luxury. Its stylish rooms and suites feature floor-to-ceiling windows, designer furnishings, and cutting-edge technology. The hotel’s gourmet restaurant, chic bar, and rooftop terrace provide exceptional culinary and entertainment experiences.

Hotel Place d’Armes:

Nestled in a historic building overlooking the picturesque Place d’Armes, this boutique hotel exudes charm and sophistication. Its individually designed rooms and suites blend classic elegance with modern comforts. The hotel’s intimate courtyard, cozy lounge, and attentive service create a personalized and memorable stay.

Budget-Friendly Options

Experiencing Luxembourg’s charm doesn’t have to break the bank. The country offers a range of budget-friendly accommodation options that provide comfort and convenience without compromising on quality:

Youth Hostels:

Luxembourg City and several towns throughout the country offer well-equipped youth hostels that cater to budget-conscious travelers. These hostels provide clean and comfortable dormitory-style rooms as well as private rooms, often with shared bathroom facilities. Communal kitchens, common areas, and organized activities provide opportunities to socialize and connect with fellow travelers.

Guesthouses and Pensions:

For a more personalized and intimate experience, consider staying in locally-run guesthouses and pensions. These family-owned establishments often occupy charming buildings with character and offer cozy rooms at affordable rates. Breakfast is typically included, providing a taste of local hospitality.

Budget Hotels:

Several budget hotel chains operate in Luxembourg, offering basic yet comfortable accommodations at competitive prices. These hotels typically provide essential amenities such as private bathrooms, free Wi-Fi, and continental breakfast. Their strategic locations near transportation hubs or within walking distance of city centers enhance convenience for budget-conscious travelers.

Top Attractions

Luxembourg seamlessly blends historical grandeur with modern allure, captivating visitors with its diverse range of attractions. From medieval castles perched atop cliffs to contemporary art museums showcasing cutting-edge creations, the country offers something to pique every interest:

Historic Fortifications:

Explore the remnants of Luxembourg City’s impressive fortifications, a testament to its strategic importance throughout history. Descend into the Bock Casemates, a network of underground tunnels and chambers that once served as a defensive stronghold. Stroll along the Chemin de la Corniche, often referred to as “Europe’s most beautiful balcony,” for breathtaking views of the city’s picturesque Grund district.

Grand Ducal Palace:

Admire the grandeur of the Grand Ducal Palace, the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. While the palace’s interior is only open to the public during guided tours offered in summer, its stunning Renaissance façade and picturesque surroundings make it a must-visit attraction in Luxembourg City.

Vianden Castle:

Venture beyond the capital to discover Vianden Castle, a fairytale-like medieval castle perched atop a hill overlooking the charming town of Vianden. Explore its well-preserved towers, chambers, and courtyards, and immerse yourself in the castle’s rich history and captivating legends.

Luxembourg City Must-Sees

Luxembourg City, the Grand Duchy’s captivating capital, seamlessly blends historical charm with modern sophistication. Explore its picturesque streets and discover a treasure trove of architectural gems, cultural landmarks, and scenic vistas:

Notre Dame Cathedral:

Marvel at the intricate Gothic architecture of Notre Dame Cathedral, a prominent landmark in Luxembourg City’s skyline. Step inside to admire its stained-glass windows, ornate sculptures, and peaceful ambiance. The cathedral’s crypt houses the tombs of Luxembourg’s former rulers.

Casemates du Bock:

Delve into Luxembourg City’s underground history at the Casemates du Bock, a network of tunnels and chambers carved into the Bock promontory. Explore the casemates’ strategic passages, gun emplacements, and historical exhibits, offering a glimpse into the city’s defensive past.

Grand Ducal Palace:

Witness the grandeur of the Grand Ducal Palace, the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. While the palace’s interior is only open to the public during guided tours offered in summer, its stunning Renaissance façade and picturesque surroundings make it a must-visit attraction.

Beyond the Capital

While Luxembourg City captivates with its urban charm, venturing beyond its borders unveils a tapestry of picturesque landscapes, charming towns, and historical treasures. Discover the hidden gems of Luxembourg’s diverse regions:

The Mullerthal Region:

Known as “Little Switzerland,” the Mullerthal Region enchants with its dramatic sandstone formations, lush forests, and winding rivers. Hike through the region’s scenic trails, explore the Echternach Benedictine Abbey, or marvel at the cascading Schiessentümpel waterfall.

The Moselle Valley:

Embark on a scenic journey through the Moselle Valley, renowned for its rolling vineyards and charming wine villages. Sample award-winning wines at local wineries, explore the medieval castle of Grevenmacher, or take a leisurely cruise along the meandering Moselle River.

The Ardennes Region:

Escape to the tranquility of the Ardennes Region, characterized by dense forests, rolling hills, and picturesque rivers. Explore the ruins of medieval castles, hike through the verdant landscapes, or visit the charming town of Clervaux, home to the impressive Clervaux Castle.

Castles and History

Luxembourg’s landscape is adorned with an array of majestic castles, each whispering tales of a rich and tumultuous past. Journey through time as you explore these architectural marvels and delve into the country’s captivating history:

Vianden Castle:

Perched majestically atop a rocky outcrop overlooking the picturesque town of Vianden, Vianden Castle stands as a testament to medieval grandeur. Explore its well-preserved towers, chambers, and courtyards, imagining the lives of the counts and dukes who once called it home.

Bourscheid Castle:

Embark on a journey to Bourscheid Castle, one of Luxembourg’s largest and most impressive medieval fortresses. Its imposing silhouette dominates the surrounding landscape, offering breathtaking views from its ramparts. Explore the castle’s well-preserved ruins, including the keep, chapel, and dungeons, and uncover the secrets of its past.

Beaufort Castle:

Discover the captivating ruins of Beaufort Castle, a medieval gem nestled amidst the rolling hills of Luxembourg’s eastern region. Explore its crumbling walls, climb its towers for panoramic views, and delve into its fascinating history, marked by centuries of conflict and intrigue.

Nature and Outdoor Activities

Beyond its charming towns and historical sites, Luxembourg unveils a tapestry of natural beauty, inviting outdoor enthusiasts to embrace its diverse landscapes. From verdant forests to meandering rivers, the country offers a refreshing escape for nature lovers:

Hiking Trails:

Lace up your hiking boots and explore Luxembourg’s extensive network of well-maintained trails. Traverse through lush forests, climb rocky hillsides, and discover hidden waterfalls. The Mullerthal Region, with its dramatic sandstone formations and scenic paths, is a hiker’s paradise.

Cycling Routes:

Luxembourg embraces cycling as a way of life, offering a network of dedicated cycling paths and scenic routes. Pedal along the Moselle River, surrounded by vineyards and charming villages, or explore the rolling hills of the Ardennes. Rent a bike and discover the country’s beauty at your own pace.

Boating and Kayaking:

Experience Luxembourg’s waterways by renting a kayak or taking a leisurely boat trip. Paddle along the serene Sûre River, surrounded by picturesque landscapes, or enjoy a romantic cruise on Lake Echternach. Boating and kayaking offer a unique perspective of Luxembourg’s natural beauty.

Food and Drink

Luxembourg’s culinary scene reflects its rich history and cosmopolitan flair, blending hearty regional specialties with refined European influences. From Michelin-starred restaurants to cozy local bistros, a culinary journey awaits:

Luxembourgish Cuisine:

Indulge in the flavors of Luxembourgish cuisine, characterized by its hearty and savory dishes. Sample traditional specialties such as Judd mat Gaardebounen (smoked pork collar with broad beans), Bouneschlupp (green bean soup), and Gromperekichelcher (potato pancakes).

International Flavors:

Luxembourg City’s diverse population has contributed to a vibrant international dining scene. Explore a world of flavors, from French and Italian cuisine to Portuguese seafood and Asian specialties. Numerous restaurants cater to different tastes and budgets, offering a culinary adventure for every palate.

Wine and Beer:

Luxembourg boasts a rich winemaking tradition, particularly in the Moselle Valley. Sample award-winning Rieslings, Pinot Blancs, and Crémants (sparkling wines) at local wineries. For beer enthusiasts, savor locally brewed craft beers, reflecting a growing appreciation for artisanal brews.

Luxembourgish Cuisine

Luxembourgish cuisine embodies the country’s rich history and cultural influences, resulting in hearty, flavorful dishes that reflect both regional traditions and European inspiration. Embark on a culinary journey to savor the unique flavors of Luxembourg:

Judd mat Gaardebounen:

Considered Luxembourg’s national dish, Judd mat Gaardebounen features smoked pork collar, known as “Judd,” simmered in a rich gravy with broad beans, potatoes, and often bacon or sausage. This flavorful and satisfying dish embodies the country’s culinary heritage.


A comforting and flavorful soup, Bouneschlupp features green beans as its star ingredient. The soup often includes potatoes, leeks, and various other vegetables, along with smoked bacon or sausage for added depth of flavor. It’s a perfect example of Luxembourg’s hearty and satisfying cuisine.


These crispy and savory potato pancakes, similar to latkes, are a beloved street food and snack in Luxembourg. Grated potatoes, onions, eggs, and herbs are combined to create a flavorful batter, which is then fried until golden brown and crispy. Enjoy them on their own or as an accompaniment to various dishes.

Michelin-Starred Restaurants

Luxembourg’s culinary scene shines bright with an impressive collection of Michelin-starred restaurants, showcasing the country’s dedication to gastronomic excellence. Prepare for an unforgettable dining experience at these culinary gems:

Mosconi (Two Michelin Stars):

Embark on an extraordinary culinary journey at Mosconi, helmed by renowned chef Ilario Mosconi. The restaurant’s tasting menus feature innovative and refined Italian-inspired dishes crafted with precision and artistry, using the finest seasonal ingredients.

La Distillerie (One Michelin Star):

Experience contemporary French cuisine at its finest at La Distillerie. Chef René Mathieu’s creative menus showcase the bounty of Luxembourg’s local produce, transformed into elegant and flavorful dishes that tantalize the taste buds.

Clairefontaine (One Michelin Star):

Housed in a charming building overlooking the picturesque Place de Clairefontaine, Clairefontaine offers a refined dining experience. Chef Arnaud Magnier’s cuisine combines classic French techniques with modern influences, resulting in dishes that are both elegant and flavorful.

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